A Comparative Evaluation of Immediate Implant Placement in Fresh Extraction Socket with and without the Use of Platelet-rich Fibrin: A Clinical and Radiographic Study
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:11] [Pages No:48 - 58]
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1154 | Open Access | How to cite |
Introduction: The goal of modern dentistry is to prevent tooth loss and provide a healthy dentition with optimal functional efficiency, structural balance, and esthetic harmony. With the increasing success rates of dental implants, clinicians and researchers have turned their approach toward making the duration of treatment shorter and more comfortable for the patient. Materials and methods: A total of 20 sites were selected and randomly divided into two groups. Of these, 10 immediate implants were placed with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), while the other 10 immediate implants were placed without any similar adjunct. The patients were prospectively evaluated clinically and radiographically using cone beam computed tomography Results: It was observed that the patients in test group are favored with rapid soft tissue regeneration, diminished vertical bone loss, and improve with early wound closure, which helps in achieving an esthetic outcome and better patient acceptance. It can be used to fill horizontal defect distance or jumping distance for complete resolution of the spac Conclusion: Immediate implants with PRF lead to stimulation and acceleration of bone regeneration and show tendency toward rapid soft tissue regeneration and reduced peri-implant pain and inflammation. Overall, it is recommended to use PRF as a viable option in improving success and reducing the treatment duration in immediate implants.
An Introduction to the Longest Fixtures: Zygomatic Implants
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:59 - 63]
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1155 | Open Access | How to cite |
Zygomatic implants have been used for dental reconstruction in patients with insufficient bone in the maxillary posterior region due to tumor resection, trauma, or atrophy. They are an alternative to bone grafting and distraction osteogenesis. Brånemark introduced these zygoma implants not only as a solution to obtain posterior maxillary anchorage but also to facilitate the rehabilitation process. The zygoma implant is a therapeutic option that deserves consideration in the treatment planning process and has become a rescue procedure that allows for continuity of care without resorting to a removable denture. The purpose of this study is to review the developments that have taken place in zygomatic implant placement over years, including anatomic information for installing the zygomatic implants, implant placement techniques, stabilization, and prosthodontic procedures.
Feline Dental Implants: New Paradigm Shift in Maxillary Cuspid Extraction Treatment Planning
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:9] [Pages No:64 - 72]
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1156 | Open Access | How to cite |
Felines are obligate carnivores and use their teeth for prehending as well as tearing and dissecting their food. Mastication is the first step of digestion, aiding in the lubrication of the food and the formation of a bolus. Mastication also increases the surface area of the food to be initially digested by salivary enzymes before being more easily swallowed. The teeth are specialized structures which play an important role in mastication, grooming, supporting the lips and the tongue, as well as being used as weapons for hunting and for self-defense. Although some mammals can still survive with few or no teeth at all, cats included, losing teeth can influence the types of foods that can be eaten, and will affect the ability to masticate and processing of the food prior to swallowing. Dental Implants have become an option for replacement of lost canines in these animals. Although cats appear to manage well after a canine extraction, complications such as lip entrapment can occur, especially after maxillary canine tooth extraction. Even cats with a complicated crown fracture of the maxillary canine tooth that have had root canal therapy to preserve the tooth, can still suffer from lip entrapment. This can lead to painful lip ulcers and the need for further dental treatment. Today, canine tooth replacement with a dental implant/crown is a predictable option that can be offered to clients who would like to replace a lost canine tooth. This report will discuss two long term cases of lost maxillary canines and replacement by dental implant/crowns.
Full-mouth Rehabilitation with Implant-supported Fixed Prosthesis
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:8] [Pages No:73 - 80]
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1157 | Open Access | How to cite |
The objective of a dental prosthesis is to replace the teeth and adjacent tissues to restore function, esthetics, and speech. Oral rehabilitation of an edentulous patient is a challenge to the prosthodontist. Few patients have life-long problems with their complete dentures, such as difficulties with speech and mastication. Implant-supported prosthesis gives an opportunity to such patients a normal healthy life for their functional and esthetic demands. Implants are the most preferred treatment option to support and retain the fixed or removable prosthesis. Successful osseointegration enables both dentist and the patient to accept full-arch implant-supported prosthesis. Literature is available on the use of full-arch fixed and removable implant-retained prostheses for completely edentulous patients; however, few patients are not satisfied with removable prosthesis even when supported by implants. Full-arch rehabilitation, a term used by many practitioners, has become a popular restorative option in prosthodontics. Full-arch implant-supported fixed prosthesis is a well-established treatment modality for edentulous patients. Longterm clinical studies have shown that this type of restoration can be successful for many years as success rates are high. The aim of this study is to present a case report on full-mouth rehabilitation with implant-supported fixed prosthesis for completely edentulous maxillary and mandibular arches.