International Journal of Oral Implantology & Clinical Research

Register      Login

Table of Content

2016 | January-April | Volume 7 | Issue 1

REVIEW ARTICLE

Suchita S Daokar, Gauri Agarwal

Orthodontic Implant Failure: A Systematic Review

[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:1 - 6]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1144  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective: To use a systematic review to determine which all are the contributing factors that play role in success rate of orthodontic mini-implants. Materials and methods: Different databases were searched without limitations up to July 2015. Additionally, the bibliographies of the finally selected articles were hand searched to identify any relevant publications that were not identified earlier. In vitro and in vivo articles were included. Both human and animal studies were included. Thirty five articles were initially selected, finally 28 articles were included in the study. Conclusion: This review article conclude that success of orthodontic mini-implants depends on multiple factors which can be broadly classified under four headings- mechanical factors, biologic factors, placement technique, microbial factors. Mechanical factors included diameter of mini-implants, surface characteristics, load and its relation with implants, microgrooves, miniscrew versus manipulates, biologic factors included Inter-radicular space, skeletal growth pattern, placement site, racial factors, root proximity, placement techniques such as self-tapping and self-drilling placement, laser therapy, reinstalled mini-implants, pre drilling diameter play a vital role in success of implants. Microbial factors such as microbial floral changes after implant placement and inflammation surrounding the implants also have an important role in success and failure of implant.

CASE REPORT

Deepak Verma, Mohamed Shareef, Shalini Varshney, Megha Verma

Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of Mandible: A Rare Case Report with Immunohistochemical Studies

[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:7 - 9]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1145  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

We report here a rare case of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) of mandible in an adult male, who presented to our department with a huge mass protruding out of the oral cavity. The patient underwent wide local excision of the mass, and histopathological features favored the diagnosis of EHE, which was finally confirmed by immunohistochemistry with CD31 tumor marker.

CASE REPORT

Rima Jaiswal, S Mahantesha, S Ashwini

Reclaiming the Lost Bastion for Successful Implant Therapy: A Case Series

[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:10 - 16]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1146  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Periimplantitis is defined as an inflammatory process affecting the tissues around an osseointegrated implant in function, resulting in loss of supporting bone and, if allowed to progress, can result in loss of the implant. The frequency of periimplantitis ranging between 28 and 56% had been reported. To date, there is little evidence to indicate the most effective method of treatment for periimplantitis. This case series describes a regenerative treatment for restoration of bone and reduction of probing depth (PD) around a periimplantitis-affected implant. Materials and methods: After nonsurgical therapy, three patients underwent complete debridement and decontamination followed by usage of various combinations of regenerative materials to correct the defects, i.e., osseograft, healiguide, and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). Implant surface modification was done with laser. Clinical and X-ray parameters were recorded at baseline and 6 months follow-up. Results: A 6 months follow-up showed that the periimplant tissues were healthy and stable. Radiographic examination revealed the matured bone fill. No progression of bone loss was detected. Conclusion: Elucidation of factors of importance for peri-implant tissue destruction should make it easier to predict which patient or implant is at risk for peri-implant complications during maintenance and retention of implants. Complete debridement and decontamination are crucial in treating periimplantitis and still remain the “gold standard.”

CASE REPORT

Ajay Bibra, Shivani Mahajan, Rohan Dhawan

Retrieval of Dental Implant displaced into Buccal Space: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:17 - 19]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1147  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Migration of dental implants into the buccal soft tissues is uncommon. Many cases of implant displacement into the maxillary sinus have been reported in the literature. However, the literature has not reported even a single case of implant displacement into the buccal soft tissues. The aim of this report is to present a dental implant that migrated into the buccal soft tissues and disappeared. A 54-year-old male patient was referred to us by his dentist after a dental implant was lost into the oral cavity. The displaced implant was discovered on a panoramic radiograph and retrieved through a transoral approach by extending the existing incision posteriorly.

CASE REPORT

Neenu M Varghese, PT Joy

A Novel Technique for the Management of a Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Defect with an Implant-retained Fixed Prosthesis: A Clinical Report

[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:20 - 23]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10012-1148  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Successful replacement of the lost teeth by means of tissue-integrated implants represents a major advance in dentistry. The bone quality and quantity available in the anterior maxilla is often variable, and commonly, there is a deficiency of bone volume. Dentoalveolar defects resulting in the loss of the maxillary anterior alveolar ridge is generally a challenge for clinicians. The aim of this clinical report is to describe the prosthetic management of a maxillary anterior alveolar defect with an implant-retained fixed prosthesis. The esthetic and functional requirements of the patient were fulfilled.

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.