The aim of this study was to carry out a review of all available literature addressing the tooth-implant connection and evidencebased understanding of the management of tooth-implantretained restorations.
Connecting teeth to osseointegrated implants presents a biomechanical challenge. This is due to the implant being rigidly fixed to the bone and the tooth being attached to the bone with a periodontal ligament. This ligament acts as a shock absorber and allows teeth to take less stresses than implants. This leads to biomechanical failure of implants over a period of time.
In order to overcome this problem, various connection types such as rigid and nonrigid have been proposed. However, the mechanism of attachment and the perceived problem of the differential support provided by the implant and the tooth have been discussed by many authors, and the ideal connection type is still controversial.
Literature published was searched through science direct, Google and PubMed. The most relevant articles were evaluated, selected and systematically analyzed.
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