Immediate Placement Implant in Fresh Extraction Socket: A Clinical Study of Seven Cases
Rachit Gangar, Bipin S Sadhwani, Sonal Anchlia, Shaili Sadhwani
Citation Information :
Gangar R, Sadhwani BS, Anchlia S, Sadhwani S. Immediate Placement Implant in Fresh Extraction Socket: A Clinical Study of Seven Cases. Int J Oral Implantol Clin Res 2013; 4 (1):7-15.
Aims and objectives: To reduce the prolonged waiting period post tooth extraction for rehabilitation with implants. This study was carried out to determine the outcome of implants placed into fresh extraction sockets with the simultaneous use of particulate bone graft. Patient response to rehabilitation with immediate placement single tooth implants was monitored clinically and radiographically.
Materials and methods: Among seven patients, with the average age of 28 years were treated for single tooth replacement in fresh extraction sockets in the esthetic zone by means of 2 stage immediate placement of implant. Bioactive glass particulate bone graft was used as bone graft material. Reason for teeth loss was caries, trauma and internal resorption. All patients were followed clinically and radiographically for 1 year after loading of implant.
Results: Follow-up was done after stage I surgery (placement of implant) for pain, soft tissue dehiscence, inflammation, altered sensation at site of implant placement monthly for 4 to 6 months. After giving final prosthesis, patients were evaluated for bleeding index (Muhlemann and Son), plaque index (Turesky- Gilmore- Glickman) gingival index (Loe and Silness), marginal bone loss (parallel cone technique using IOPA) with follow-up at 6th and 12th months. All the implants were osseointegrated at the time of abutment placement. Radiographic examination showed only slight marginal bone around the implants.
Conclusion: Hence, implants can be placed successfully in fresh extraction socket using bioactive glass (perioglass) particulate bone graft material to fill gap between implant and bone through a submerged (2 stage) surgical technique.
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